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About Georgia

Georgia is located in the region known as the Caucasus at the crossroads of Europe and Asia. Georgia is a small country of approximately 69,700 square kilometres — about the size of Switzerland. Mountains are the dominant geographic feature of Georgia. The Likhi Range divides the country into eastern and western halves. Historically, the western portion of Georgia was known as Colchis while the eastern plateau was called Iberia.

Interesting facts about Georgia

  • Georgian language is one of the oldest living languages in the world. It is over 2,000 years old with own distinctive alphabet. Georgian writing was first seen in the 5th century. The first examples include inscriptions in the Georgian monastery of the Holy Cross in Palestine, in the Bethlehem desert (Bir-ell-Katt), as well as those in the Sioni Church of Bolnisi, south of Tbilisi.
  • Georgia has long been the crossroads of the world, not only an important stop on the silk trail, but set dead-centre of many of the great currents of history. A truly ancient nation and one of the world's oldest uninterrupted civilizations, its recorded history stretches back over 3000 years.
  • Georgia has one the largest proportions of land dedicated to national park (25%) in the world. Fully 40% of Georgia’s territory is forest, a good proportion genuine old growth virgin wood.
  • Georgia is unquestionably the birthplace of wine. Grape seeds have been found in Caucasian tombs 7000 years old, along with wine implements such as clay vessels, nowhere else in the world is their evidence of viniculture so old. Indeed the word "wine" has been traced by Georgian word g'vino, which has been in use for far longer than most modern languages have existed.


Practical Information

Local currency: The local currency in Georgia is Georgian Lari (GEL)

Vaccinations: No specific vaccinations are required for Georgia

Time Differences: Georgia falls into GMT+4 time zone and operates daylight saving time.  Please see the local time in Georgia: http://localtimes.info/Asia/Georgia/Tbilisi/

Electric Power Voltage: In Georgia 220V (50Hz) is standard.

The weather in June is usually sunny, warm and pleasant. The temperature, on average, is around +25 to 30C

In case of emergency

  • The quick dial number for emergencies in Georgia for both Georgian and a non-Georgian speaking visitor is 122 for police and  111 for fire or accident;
  • Please note also that pharmacies in Georgia are able to provide first aid for simple matters and give competent advice.

Other emergency numbers:

  • First Aid emergency number 113 (for Hospitals and First Aid in general  - overnight emergency number – 24hours);
  • Pharmacies overnight emergency number in Tbilisi: 122 (this is the telephone number for police - travellers can address at this number in case of emergencies).


Useful links


About Tbilisi

Tbilisi has been the capital of Georgia for fifteen hundred years, and has been a true urban centre for far longer. There are layers upon layers of history and the blending of a myriad of cultures, some now long gone. Long a central and vital trade city, Tbilisi has two faces, East and West, and is a remarkable mixture of the two. Many families have lived in Tbilisi for more than ten generations, more than they can count.

Interesting facts about Tbilisi

  • Over the centuries Tbilisi has become synonymous with gracious living and warm welcomes. "Tbil" actually means "warm," and although refers to the water in the natural sulphur baths in its Maydani district - it could speak for the city as a whole.
  • Thus Tbilisi started life as an ancient Spa - and remains so; the superb sulphur baths in the Old Town attracting travellers from Marco Polo to Alexander Dumas. Many great artists such as Pushkin, Lermontov, and the composer Tchaikovsky have sat and composed work under one of the bath's brick domes.
  • A culture of baths, caravanserais, banqueting halls, music and entertainment venues gradually developed to create the modern city - today with an increasing international reputation for restaurants, coffee shops, theatres, concert halls and of course, charming hosts.
  • Georgian Architecture in general is a fantastic landscape of watchtowers, hand carved balconies, and richly frescoed churches. Combined with a Mediterranean climate and a legendary hospitality, the many buildings which seem torn straight from fairy tales make Georgia one of the unacknowledged marvels of the world.
  • Every night Tbilisi offers a wide range of entertainment from its 30 plus theatres and concert halls. Visit the Grand Opera and Ballet or the Rustaveli Theatre on Rustaveli Avenue, or the the Marganishvili and Tumanishvili Theatres in the Plekhanov district.


Useful link

Information about Georgia in general